Thursday, 13 November 2014

01. English Grammar - The sentence and kinds of sentences.

THE SENTENCE
A sentence is a word or set of words which expresses a complete thought and makes sense.
Ex: Ramu is a good boy.
Parts of Sentence:
Ravi               is a clever boy
-------           -----------------
          Subject               Predicate
The naming part of a sentence is called the ‘Subject’ and its saying ‘the Predicate’.
Notes:
1)    The Subject is a noun or a pronoun. It has a fixed position in a sentence and may come at the beginning, in the middle or at the end of sentence.
2)    The Predicate is the verb with or without other words going with it.
Example:
  1)    Krishna is a doctor   In this sentence, ‘Krishna’ is subject and ‘ is a doctor’ is predicate which tells something about Krishna.
   2)    Sachin plays very well. In this sentence, Sachi n is the subject and a play very well is the predicate.
   3)    A ship went out to sea
Here A ship is the subject and went out to sea is  the predicates

Try :
Separate the subject and the Predicate:
1)    The Cow gives Milk
2)    The Sky is Blue
3)    Apples grow on Trees
4)    She has a good Memory
5)    The Rich are not always Happy
6)    Barrowed garment never fit well
7)    The Clock has struck eight
8)    The Old man has fainted
9)    He is healthy
10) Gold glitters.

TYPES OF SENTENCES
We may divide sentence into six types according to the kind of thought they express.
1)    Assertive Sentences
2)    Interrogative
3)    Optative
4)    Imperative
5)    Exclamatory
6)    Negative
Assertive (or) Declarative Sentence:  Sentences which state facts, describe things, or report events are called assertive or declarative sentences.
Examples:        Delhi is the capital of India.
                      Sunil smokes.
                      The war is over.
             Three students failed to sit the examination.
             I am not ready yet.
Interrogative Sentence: Sentences that are used to make enquiries and to ask questions are interrogative sentences.
Examples: How are you?
               When are you coming?
               Is Siri drinking tea?
               What is Srija drinking?
               Who are you?
Optative Sentence: Expressing a wish
Examples: May you never have a similar misfortune.
Imperative Sentence:Expressing a command. Sentences which are classified as commands may
(a) Give an order
(b) Give advice
(c) Make a request
(d) Issue an invitation
Examples:      Bring some mangoes
Wash your hands.
Do your homework!
Sit down and listen!
Exclamatory Sentence:Expressing some emotion.
Examples:     What a pity they have not come!
                    What a lovely day it is!
I can’t believe this!
What a mess this room is!
How beautiful it is!
Negative Sentences:Expressing negative meaning.
Examples:     Lallu is not a healthy man.
I have never been to Goa

The above statements use words such as ‘not’ and ‘never’ are negative in meaning. They are called negative Sentences