Tuesday, 14 July 2015

09. English Grammar for Competitive Exams --- Future Tense and Correct Use of Future Tense

                                              Future Tense

We have 4 types of Future tenses.

Simple Future Tense:  
It is used for an action that has still to take place. It generally expresses pure or colorless future.
Simple futurity can be expressed by the following forms.
a)   The simple present
Ex: I go to Chennai on Sunday.
b)   The present continuous.
Ex: They are coming here tomorrow.
c)   The going to form
Ex: Devi is going to marry him in Tirupathi.
d)   The future tense (shall/will) with the first or basic form of the verb.
Ex:     I shall see you tomorrow.
I shall take the next one.
We shall meet tomorrow.

Future continuous Tense:
It is used to express a future without intention. It represents an action as going on at some time in future. It is also used for future events that are planned.
Ex:  We will be meeting him next month.
They will be playing the match by this time tomorrow.
I will be teaching English next year.

We use the future continuous tense:
1)   for an action that lasts a period of time in the future.
Example: Sravani will be working the whole day tomorrow.

2)   for an action that has been planned.
Example: They will be going on tour this summer.

3)     to express an action that will be in progress at a certain or specified time in the future.
Example: He will/shall be sleeping by the time you return.
Example: At this time next month, I shall/will be playing cricket.
Example: Will they be coming at 6 p.m. tomorrow?

4)   for an action which will happen as a matter of routine or as scheduled (without intention)
Example: He will be working with Rajesh again when he turns up for work tomorrow.
Example: The next bus will be departing at 5.30 a.m.

5)   to seek a favor of someone by asking about their plans
Example: Will you be passing the school on your way home?

6)   to ask for information
Example: Will you be joining the party tonight?

7)   To make a prediction about something in the future.
Example: She will be feeling very sad after learning the truth.
(When in doubt, we can use may instead of shall/will. Example: She may be feeling very sad after learning the truth.)


Future Perfect Tense:
It is used to indicate the completion of an action by a certain future time.
Ex: He will have bought a new house by ext winter.
You will have heard this news already.
She will have returned by that time

The future perfect tense is used:
1)   to show that an activity will be completed by a specified time in the future.
Example: I will have saved about ten crore rupees dollars by the year 2025.

2)   to show that an action will be completed before another takes place in the future.
Example: The train will have left the station by the time the he arrives.

3)   to show a situation will be over in the future.
Example: The 50% discount sale will have finished by midday tomorrow.

4)   with conditional 'if'.
Example: If you don't hurry up, we will have eaten all the food when you get to the table.

5)   with time expressions such as by seven o'clock, by this evening, by next Thursday, by then, until noon tomorrow, before closing date.
Example: Sudheer will have prepared the documents by next Friday.


Future Perfect Continuous Tense:  
It indicates an action represented as being in progress over a period of time that will end in the future.
Ex: I shall have been watching T.V. at 8’O clock tomorrow evening.
I shall have been writing the examination by this time tomorrow.

1)   to indicate the length of time that an action continues in the future.
Example: At noon tomorrow, my uncle will have been driving a car for fifteen years.
2)   to show an action in progress until an event happens in the future.
a) By the time the bus arrives, we will have been waiting for more than thirty minutes.
b) We will have been waiting for more than thirty minutes by the time the bus arrives,