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                                          Simple Present Tense 1)     Simple present tense shows a daily action. When the subject is ...

Correct Use of Simple Present Tense - English Grammar

                                          Simple Present Tense

1)    Simple present tense shows a daily action. When the subject is in the third person singular (he, she and it) and the verb is in simple present tense, we must add ‘s’ or ‘es’ to the verb.
Simple present tense is used to express habitual actions. It is used with the expressions showing a daily action like
always, daily, regularly, every day, every night, generally, every morning, often, frequently, usually, rarely, seldom etc.,
Eg:1. He drinks tea every morning.
 2. I get up every day at 5 O’ clock.
 3. We visit the temple every morning.
 4. He always makes much noise.
 5. They play tennis every evening.
 6. She comes late every day.
 7. He takes medicine every night.
 8. The train arrives at the platform at 6 A.M.
 9.  He goes to bed at 10 P.M.
 10. He usually does home work at night.
 11. They seldom come here.
 12. He speaks good English.
 13. She wears silk sarees.
 14. Bharath goes to school.
 15. I do workouts every morning.
 16.I take coffee every morning

2. Simple present Tense is used to express general truths or universal truths or proverbs.
Eg: 1. The sun rises in the east.
 2. The earth moves round the sun.
 3.  The sky is blue.
 4. Fortune favors the brave.
 5.  Honey is sweet.
 6.  Man is mortal.
 7.  Mother loves her children.
 8.  Heat expands bodies.
 9.  Practice makes a man perfect.
 10. Necessity is the mother of invention.
 11. Speech is silver and silence is gold.
 12.  The Sun sets in the west
 13. All that glitters is not gold.
 14. Time and tide wait for none.

3. Simple present tense is used in the verbs expressing possession like have, possess, own, consist, belong to, comprise, contain etc.,
Eg: 1. We have three daughters and two sons.
 2. He has two shops.
3. Mr. Pratap owns two shops.
 4. I possess a beautiful car.
 5. She possesses a good house.
 6. The English alphabet consists of 26 letters.
 7. This box contains much money.
 8. We all belong to India.
 9. This book comprises a 100 pages.
4. Simple present tense is used in the verbs expressing the feelings of mind like love, like, hate, dislike, remember, want, wish feel, think, hope, believe, agree, disagree, know, consider, prefer,    suppose, taste, smell understand, imagine etc.,
Eg: 1.  I love  my parents.
 2.  We like you very much.
 3.  I hate them.
 4.  We dislike them.
 5.  I remember the address.
 6.  She wants a glass or water.
 7.  I wish you best of luck.
 8.  I think that he is a gentle man.
 9.  I suppose he is a nice man.
 10. I agree with you in this matter.
 11. Poets imagine that there is heaven above the earth.
 12. We believe in God.
 13. This flower smells sweet.
 14. This cake tastes good.
 15. I prefer milk to tea.
 16. I understand your problem.
5. Simple present tense is used in the verbs of appearance like appear, look, seem etc.,
Eg :  1. He seems to be a gentle man.
 2. She looks like an angel.
 3. You appear to be good students.
6. Simple present tense is also used to indicate a future event that is part of a plan or arrangement.
Eg: 1. Our college reopens 15th June.
 2. The chief Minister returns from Delhi next Thursday.
 3. The Prime Minister visits the U.S.A in June.
 4. We dine at the Taj  to-night.
5. We go to Hyderabad tomorrow.

7. Simple present tense is used to refer to what happens at the time of speaking.
Eg :  1. Here comes the bus.
 2. There goes the ball.
3. See how it files.
8. Simple present tense is also used to express a certain capability.
Eg :  1. He speaks three languages.
 2. She cooks food well.
9. Simple present tense is used in a quotation.
Eg: 1. Shakespeare says, “Love is blind.”
 2. Keats says, “A thing of beauty is a joy for ever.”
10.  It is used to express the state of things.
Eg: 1. I believe in democracy.
 2. India is a poor country.
 3. America is the richest country.
11. It is used to narrate an incident of the    past. (It is called historical present)
Eg: 1.  The king tells the minister to punish the thief.
 2.  Wordsworth describes the beauty of Nature in his poems.
 3.  Shakespeare is one of the greatest writers.
12 .Simple present tense is used in clauses of time and condition. When there is future tense in the main clause, we must write the simple present tense in the subordinate clause. Here, subordinate clauses start with if, unless, when, that, before, till, until, as soon as, as long as etc.,
Eg: 1. If you come regularly, you will understand the lessons.
 2.  Unless you work hard, you won’t pass the examination.
 3.  I shall meet him, when he comes here.
 4.  Please see that you attend the meeting.
 5.  I shall go and see him before he leaves this place.
 6.  I shall wait here, till you finish your lunch.
 7. Please call me, when the dinner is ready.
 8.  I will tell her, when I see her.
 9.  Let us wait, until he comes.
 10.There will be no troble as long as you work hard.
 11. I shall do it, as soon as I come back.
 12. We shall go as soon as you are ready.
 13. Don’t get off the train till it stops.
 14. If it rains, we shall get wet.

 15.If you run fast, you will catch the train.